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Go to a particular line in “Text editor” in Mac

I have been trying to reach the specific line number in Mac. And finally i came to the following conclusion.

There’s a hidden keyboard shortcut within TextEdit that lets you jump straight to a particular line number. This can be useful for programmers, even though there is no option within TextEdit to actually display line numbers! To jump to a particular line, just hit Command+L , then type the number in question.

If someone has better idea, feel free to let me know.

Tastiest but deadliest fish – Japanese FUGU fish

Fugu (河豚 or 鰒; フグ?) is the Japanese word for pufferfish and the dish prepared from it, normally species of genus Takifugu, Lagocephalus, or Sphoeroides, or porcupinefish of the genus Diodon. Fugu can be lethally poisonous due to its tetrodotoxin; therefore, it must be carefully prepared to remove toxic parts and to avoid contaminating the meat.

The restaurant preparation of fugu is strictly controlled by law in Japan and several other countries, and only chefs who have qualified through rigorous training are allowed to deal with the fish. Domestic preparation occasionally leads to accidental death.

Fugu is served as sashimi and chirinabe. Some consider the liver the tastiest part but it is also the most poisonous, and serving this organ in restaurants was banned in Japan in 1984. Fugu has become one of the most celebrated and notorious dishes in Japanese cuisine.

Tastiest but deadliest fish

Toxicity

Fugu contains lethal amounts of the poison tetrodotoxin in its organs, especially the liver, the ovaries, and the skin. The poison, a sodium channel blocker, paralyzes the muscles while the victim stays fully conscious. The victim is unable to breathe, and eventually dies from asphyxiation. There is no known antidote. The standard treatment is to support the respiratory and circulatory systems until the poison is metabolized and excreted by the victim’s body.

Fugu shashimi

Advances in research and aquaculture have allowed some farmers to mass-produce safe fugu. Researchers surmised that fugu’s tetrodotoxin came from eating other animals that held tetrodotoxin-laden bacteria and that the fish develops immunity over time. Many farmers now produce ‘poison-free’ fugu by keeping the fugu away from the bacteria. Usuki, a town in Ōita Prefecture, has become known for selling non-poisonous fugu.


History
Torafugu for sale to master fugu chefs at the Tsukiji fish market in Tokyo
Fugu sale in a market street in Osaka, Japan

The inhabitants of Japan have eaten fugu for centuries. Fugu bones have been found in several shell mounds, called kaizuka, from the Jōmon period that date back more than 2,300 years. The Tokugawa shogunate (1603–1868) prohibited the consumption of fugu in Edo and its area of influence. It became common again as the power of the shogunate weakened. In western regions of Japan, where the government’s influence was weaker and fugu was easier to get, various cooking methods were developed to safely eat them. During the Meiji Era (1867–1912), fugu was again banned in many areas. Fugu is also the only food the Emperor of Japan is forbidden to eat, for his safety.

Fugu was and is one of the favorite dishes in China where its name was mentioned in the literature as early as circa 400BC. Fugu comes as the first in the three most delicious fish from The Yangtze river.

 

Color picker by Jinsun Park

Color Picker is an innovative design of a concept pen that can scan colors from anything around and instantly use the color for drawing. After placing the pen against an object, the user just presses the scan button. The color is being detected by the color sensor and the RGB cartridge of the pen mixes the required inks to create the target color. This superb device will help people to observe the changing colors of nature. With color picker, all range of artists will be able to cerate a more sensorial and visual insight of their surrounding nature’s colors.

color picker

color picker

 

color picker

color picker

Designer : Jinsun Park

Qin Shi Huang, First Emperor of China

Qin Shi Huang (or Shi Huangdi) was the First Emperor of a unified China, who ruled from 246 B.C. to 210 B.C.

In his 35-year reign, he managed to create magnificent and enormous construction projects. He also caused both incredible cultural and intellectual growth, and much destruction within China.

Whether he should be remembered more for his creations or his tyranny is a matter of dispute, but everyone agrees that Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, was one of the most important rulers in Chinese history.

Early Life:

According to legend, a rich merchant named Lu Buwei befriended a prince of the Qin State during the latter years of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 B.C.).

The merchant’s lovely wife Zhao Ji had just gotten pregnant, so he arranged for the prince to meet and fall in love with her. She became the prince’s concubine, and then gave birth to Lu Buwei’s child in 259 B.C.

The baby, born in Hanan, was named Ying Zheng. The prince believed the baby was his own.

Ying Zheng became king of the Qin state in 246 B.C., upon the death of his supposed father. He ruled as Qin Shi Huang, and unified China for the first time.
Early Reign of Qin Shi Huang:

The young king was only 13 years old when he took the throne, so his prime minister (and probable real father) Lu Buwei acted as regent for the first eight years.

This was a difficult time for any ruler in China, with seven warring states vying for control of the land. The leaders of the Qi, Yan, Zhao, Han, Wei, Chu and Qin states were former dukes under the Zhou Dynasty, but had each proclaimed themselves king as the Zhou fell apart.

In this unstable environment, warfare flourished, as did books like Sun Tzu’s Art of War.

Lu Buwei had another problem, as well; he feared that the king would discover his true identity.

Lao Ai’s Revolt:

According to the Shiji, or “Records of the Grand Historian,” Lu Buwei hatched a new scheme to depose Qin Shi Huang in 240 B.C.

He introduced Zhao Ji to Lao Ai, a man famed for his large penis. The queen dowager and Lao Ai had two sons, and in 238 B.C., Lao and Lu Buwei decided to launch a coup.

Lao raised an army, aided by the king of nearby Wei, and tried to seize control while Qin Shi Huang was traveling outside of the area. The young king cracked down hard on the rebellion; Lao was executed in a grisly fashion, along with his family. The queen dowager was spared, but spent the rest of her days under house arrest.
Consolidation of Power:

Lu Buwei was banished after the Lao Ai incident, but did not lose all of his influence in Qin. However, he lived in constant fear of execution by the mercurial young king.

In 235 B.C., Lu committed suicide by drinking poison. With his death, the 24-year-old king assumed full command over the kingdom of Qin.

Qin Shi Huang grew increasingly paranoid (not without reason), and banished all foreign scholars from his court as spies.

The king’s fears were well-founded; in 227, the Yan state sent two assassins to his court, but he fought them off with his sword. A musician also tried to kill him with a lead-weighted lute.

Battles with Neighboring States:

The assassination attempts arose in part because of desperation in neighboring kingdoms. The Qin king had the most powerful army, and neighboring rulers trembled at the thought of a Qin invasion.

The Han kingdom fell in 230 B.C. In 229, a devastating earthquake rocked another powerful state, Zhao, leaving it weakened. Qin Shi Huang took advantage of the disaster, and invaded the region.

Wei fell in 225, followed by the powerful Chu in 223. The Qin army conquered Yan and Zhao in 222 (despite another assassination attempt on Qin Shi Huang by a Yan agent).

The final independent kingdom, Qi, fell to the Qin in 221 B.C.

China Unified:

With the defeat of the other six warring states, Qin Shi Huang had unified northern China. His army would continue to expand the Qin Empire’s southern boundaries throughout his lifetime, driving as far south as what is now Vietnam.

The king of Qin became the Emperor of Qin China.

As emperor, Qin Shi Huang reorganized the bureaucracy, abolishing the existing nobility and replacing them with his appointed officials. He also built a network of roads, with the capital of Xianyang at the hub.

In addition, the emperor simplified the written Chinese script, standardized weights and measures, and minted new copper coins.
The Great Wall and Ling Canal:

Despite its military might, the newly unified Qin Empire faced a recurring threat from the north: raids by the nomadic Xiongnu (the ancestors of Attila’s Huns).

In order to fend off the Xiongnu, Qin Shi Huang ordered the construction of an enormous defensive wall. The work was carried out by hundreds of thousands of slaves and criminals between 220 and 206 B.C.; untold thousands of them died at the task.

This northern fortification formed the first section of what would become the Great Wall of China.

In 214, the Emperor also ordered construction of a canal, the Lingqu, which linked the Yangtze and Pearl River systems.
The Confucian Purge:

The Warring States Period was dangerous, but the lack of central authority allowed intellectuals to flourish. Confucianism and a number of other philosophies blossomed prior to China’s unification.

However, Qin Shi Huang viewed these schools of thought as threats to his authority, so he ordered all books not related to his reign burned in 213 B.C.

The Emperor also had approximately 460 scholars buried alive in 212 for daring to disagree with him, and 700 more stoned to death.

From then on, the only approved school of thought was legalism: follow the emperor’s laws, or face the consequences.

Qin Shi Huang’s Quest for Immortality

As he entered middle age, the First Emperor grew more and more afraid of death. He became obsessed with finding the elixir of life, which would allow him to live forever.

The court doctors and alchemists concocted a number of potions, many of them containing “quicksilver” (mercury), which probably had the ironic effect of hastening the emperor’s death rather than preventing it.

Just in case the elixirs did not work, in 215 B.C. the Emperor also ordered the construction of a gargantuan tomb for himself. Plans for the tomb included flowing rivers of mercury, cross-bow booby traps to thwart would-be plunderers, and replicas of the Emperor’s earthly palaces.
The Terracotta Army

To guard Qin Shi Huang in the afterworld, and perhaps allow him to conquer heaven as he had the earth, the emperor had a terracotta army of at least 8,000 clay soldiers placed in the tomb. The army also included terracotta horses, along with real chariots and weapons.

Each soldier was an individual, with unique facial features (although the bodies and limbs were mass-produced from molds).
The Death of Qin Shi Huang

A large meteor fell in Dongjun in 211 B.C. – an ominous sign for the Emperor. To make matters worse, someone etched the words “The First Emperor will die and his land will be divided” onto the stone.

Since nobody would fess up to this crime, the Emperor had everyone in the vicinity executed. The meteor itself was burned and then pounded into powder.

Nevertheless, the Emperor died less than a year later, while touring eastern China in 210 B.C. The cause of death most likely was mercury poisoning, due to his immortality treatments.
Fall of the Qin Empire

Qin Shi Huang’s Empire did not outlast him long. His second son and Prime Minister tricked the heir, Fusu, into committing suicide. The second son, Huhai, seized power.

However, widespread unrest (led by the remnants of the Warring States nobility) threw the empire into disarray. In 207 B.C., the Qin army was defeated by Chu-lead rebels at the Battle of Julu. This defeat signaled the end of the Qin Dynasty.

Sources

Mark Edward Lewis, The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007).

Lu Buwei, The Annals of Lu Buwei, trans. John Knoblock and Jeffrey Riegel. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000).

Sima Qian, Records of the Grand Historian, trans. Burton Watson. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993).

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Happy Birthday, Michael Jackson! three of Jacko’s Most Amazing Moments

michael9.jpg

Forget about the scandals, the accusations of child molestation, the dangling baby, the skin bleaching, the increasingly bizarre appearance, drug abuse, the pet monkey, all the tabloid trash talk, even the hyperbaric oxygen chamber. Elvis had his own reputation for misbehavior. The Stones were busted on more than one occasion. The Who messed up hotel rooms, and Zeppelin abused its groupies. Madonna and Lady Gaga? Hell, they’ve been repeatedly found guilty in the court of good taste. And damn if Prince, errr Prince Harry, that is, hasn’t caused a stir of his own. When you’re in the spotlight, every move you make is open to scrutiny.

But today, I am talking specifically about Michael Jackson, born 54 years ago on August 29, 1958. Jackson was an extremely talented superstar, one of the most exceptional icons the world has ever known, and a man — or man-child, if you will — who was loved worldwide, an indisputable legend. So rather than disparage him for any ill-advised antics, I offer a few of the incredible highlights from Jackson’s brilliant performing career. Where ever you are Jaco, be happy to have millions of fans like me. Rest in peace.

3. Michael at the helm of the Jackson 5 They were initially little more than teeny-bopper sensations, an Afro-haired, bell-bottomed, high-stepping quintet whose primary appeal was to the little girls who egged them on. And yet their songs proved far more than mere guilty pleasures, particularly such hits as the irresistibly infectious “ABC,” “I Want You Back” (hip enough to be covered by Graham Parker), and “I’ll Be There,” Michael’s first step toward a solo career.

2. Nailing it with Off the Wall 
Michael matured, showing that he had it all: Wholesome looks (pre-surgery), singing skills (“Don’t Stop ‘Til You Got Enough” and “Rock With You,” each a major milestone in the evolution of the modern pop and R&B crossover), and superb songwriting skills (ditto that last part). It also garnered a slew of awards, millions in worldwide sales, and the highest royalty rate in the history of the recording industry. Michael had arrived.

1. A Thriller indeed! 
“Billie Jean.” “Wanna Be Startin’ Something.” “Beat It” (with Eddie Van Halen in tow). All of these and more added up to the best-selling album of all time. Thriller gave the world seven hit singles and 29 million albums (shipped from the get-go) and sat 80 consecutive weeks in the top ten, 37 of them at number one. This was an album that helped redefine the standard of pop perfection. It also raised the bar for Jackson’s career, one he would always aspire to top on his own.